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So far, social media seems to have a lot of roar, but very little teeth when it comes to facilitating social change.  Users of services like Twitter and Facebook seem more interested (sometimes compulsively) in entertainment, ‘branding’ & connecting with friends than about initiating positive social change. The always-insightful Venessa Miemis (@venessamiemis) hit the nail on the head in the comments to her blog post What is Social Media? [the 2010 edition] when she said:

Does all this online talking matter if nothing comes of it in the real world?

Neal Gorenflo (@gorenflo) elaborates on the potential pitfalls of conversation:

Connecting and conversing is necessary, but  again, the danger is that we get stuck in conversation. There is such a thing as being too connected. We have cognitive and time limits. Web 2.0 can overload us with messages, shrink attention spans, absorb our time, erode focus, and thus disrupt our ability as citizens to find common ground and take action together. It’s possible that through Web 2.0 we may be, as in the title of cultural critic Neil Postman’s influential book, amusing ourselves to death.

Venessa goes on to ask the big question:

How do we make something happen? What are small things we can start doing to get the hang of real coordination, collaboration, and action?

I’m all for starting with something small but nonetheless tangible – to give us something to build on and learn from.  Why not shoot first, and aim later?  The worst that can happen is we fail fast and learn from our mistakes.

With that goal in mind, I’m fascinated by an initiative by my Carnegie Mellon University colleague Priya Narasimhan (@priyacmu) to use crowdsourcing and social media to help locate, assess & repair potholes around Pittsburgh [see news story w/ video].

Pittsburghers are given three options for reporting potholes – dial 311 on their mobile phone, log it at the website, or best of all, report it using a free iPhone app called iBurgh.

The iBurgh app is cool because of it is so easy to use. Simply snap a photo of a pothole with your iPhone. The image is automatically geotagged with its location, and sent to the city’s public works department. Once  three pictures of the same pothole are logged, the city promises to repair it within five days.  Granted its not an instantaneous response, but we’ve got a lot of potholes in Pittsburgh!  The tool can also be used to report issues like needed snow removal – a big problem around here this time of year…

Pittsburgh City Council member Bill Peduto said the program makes Pittsburgh the nation’s first large city to implement a government integrated iPhone app.  He goes on to say:

“This type of technology that merges social media with democracy is going to boom within the next year.”

This is exciting for me partly because it is being done by a friend.  But more importantly, it illustrates something we saw emerging with the DARPA Red Balloon Challenge which might be called crowdsensing – using a distributed network of tech-enabled individuals to track and report on significant (and sometimes not-so-significant) events happening in their world.

Another nice example is the Twitter Earthquake Detection Program, which encourages people to report when the earth moves via Twitter or on a dedicated “Did You Feel It?” website.

I’m hopeful an even bigger and better example will happen soon in the form of a regime change in Iran, thanks in part to Twitter. As I observed recently, Twitter has given the citizens of Iran a way to tell the story of their quest for freedom to the world in real-time and in a way that engages public interest, at a time when traditional media channels have been locked out by their oppressive government.  I wish them the best of luck, and will be tracking the events on Twitter as they unfold.  When (not if) they succeed, it will be an important milestone for the emerging Global Brain.

Until then, I’m happy to start small.  Excuse me while I go report a few potholes…

Humans, like many species, are highly social creatures. The process of natural selection has instilled in us a drive to connect with other people. Those ancestors that were well connnected got support from their community and prospered, allowing them to pass on their gregariousness down to their offspring.

Facebook Addiction

With the advent of modern communication technology we’ve developed more and more effective ways to ‘scratch the itch’ to connect with others at greater speeds and distances. Social networks like Facebook and Twitter are the latest in the line of personal connectivity technology.

While these services can provide much value by allowing people to link with friends, ideas and events in new ways, they are not without a dark side.  As their popularity has mushroomed, it has become increasingly apparently that these services can be addictive, and this tendency is especially prevalent among youth of today, for whom fitting into the social fabric has always seemed  critically important.

This New York Times article, “Driven to Distraction, Some Teenagers Unfriend Facebook” documents some of the troubles teenagers are having with Facebook addiction, and managing their compulsion to connect with their social network. Psychology Professor  Walter Mischel of Columbia University says:

Facebook is the marshmallow for these teenagers

referring to the treat young kids found irresistible in his now famous series of experiments probing how young children cope with, and often succumb to, temptation.

Professor Mischel  found that kids who could not delay gratification, but instead snatched the marshmallows at the earliest opportunity, turned out to be under-achievers as adults.

So the big question seems to be:

Is the 24/7 connected culture we find ourselves embedded within today serving us, or is it driving us (and our kids) to distraction?

My guess – probably both.

One thing seems clear – Driven by our compulsion to connect, we humans are beginning to serve the global network at least as much as the global network is serving us. It remains to be seen whether the emerging collective intelligence will help steer humanity towards healthy and creative forms of social networking, or undermine the well-being of the very nodes that form it…

Update 2/03/2010: A new study in the Journal Psychopathology found a strong correlation between excessive internet activity (especially at social media sites) and depression. The study authors day:

“Our research indicates that excessive internet use is associated with depression, but what we don’t know is which comes first — are depressed people drawn to the internet or does the internet cause depression?

“What is clear, is that for a small subset of people, excessive use of the internet could be a warning signal for depressive tendencies.”

Ever feel like you're part of a big machine?

This blog is an exploration of what being part of a collective might mean for each of us as individuals, and for society.

What is it that is struggling to emerge from the convergence of people and technology?

How can each of us play a role, as a thoughtful cog in the big machine?

Dean Pomerleau


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